Stress: How it affects your body

What happens to your body, what are the versatile effects on your body

A wide variety of factors can cause stress. The body’s response to stress is the same for everyone. However, people react to it differently. While one person remains calm in a stressful situation, another person already feels overwhelmed.

The physical and psychological effects of stress often influence and reinforce each other. A cycle is created.

Important notes:

– Chronic stress puts your body in a perpetual State of activation. The result is exhaustion.

– Permanent stresssignificantly increases the risk of heart attack or stroke.

– Difficulty concentrating and inner tension are the first psychological consequences of stress.

How does your body react to stress??

A stressful situation releases adrenaline as well as cortisol.

Both activate the body and prepare it for a fight or flight response (Fight of Flight Reflex).

The bronchial tubes dilate, more oxygen is absorbed. Your breathing becomes faster and shallower. The pulse and blood pressure also increase. As a result, the muscles are supplied with more blood and tense up.

Your body thus adjusts to a stronger energy consumption.

After the“dangerous situation” the hormone production reduces again. Your body prepares for relaxation and regeneration.

Permanent stress disrupts this process. Your body can did not recover sufficiently. So your body is continuously in a state of excitement.

The consequences are exhaustion, in connection with further psychological or physical problems.

What are the physical consequences of stress on…

Stress: How it affects your body

…the immune system

If your body is on the alert, it strengthens itself for a short time.

time also your immune system. However, the

stress hormone cortisol this with time.

This way your body fights bacteria and viruses more effectively in the short term.

In the long run, however, it weakens your immune system.

Infectious diseases, including colds and herpes, are more common in stressed people. Recovery from a cold or herpes infection is also more difficult.

… the musculature

The constant vigilance of your body tenses up your Musculature. Head, shoulder and back complaints are the result of this tension. Your body gets tired little by little, the performance decreases.

… the cardiovascular system

The most common symptoms are: Increased blood lipid levels, high blood pressure as well asincreased deposits in the blood vessels

The above symptoms may increase the risk of heart attack or arrhythmia. In addition, sensations such as chest pain or palpitations may occur.

… Stomach and intestine

The effects of stress are also felt in the gastrointestinal tract, as stress hormones increase the production of stomach acid. More frequent heartburn is the result.

– Chronic stress can lead to stomach ulcers.

These develop when the gastric mucosa is already is attacked. This can lead to other symptoms, such as

e.g. nausea, feeling of fullness or loss of appetite.

…Psychological consequences

In addition to the physical consequences, there are often a number of psychological consequences as well.

Short-term complaints can be, for example, nervousness, irritability, inner tension and restlessness, dissatisfaction as well as fear and anger.

In the absence of sufficient rest, general well-being continues to decline. Anxiousness and dissatisfaction then appear more and more frequently.

One consequence of this can be panic attacks. Panic attacks are a state of intensely experienced anxiety. Triggers are many stress factors that occur at once. A panic attack can occur without warning and last anywhere from a few minutes, to half an hour.

In addition, other symptoms often occur.

These can vary. E.G.

Sweating, palpitations, hot flashes/cold shivers, shortness of breath, tightness in chest or throat, abdominal pain.

Burnout can also be a consequence of permanent stress.


Permanent stress can lead to serious diseases such as diabetes, stomach ulcers or cardiac arrhythmia.

Existing diseases may be aggravated.

So are psychological effects.

For example, dissatisfaction, nervousness or anxiety can develop into a mental illness,

when the daily stress does not decrease.

Therefore, it is important to counteract the daily stress and relax sufficiently.

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